The elbow is an essential part of the arm. Without it, we can’t do complex movements in our arm – flexion, extension and rotation of the lower arm. It is one of the most used joints in our daily activities. When put under too much strain, the elbow can get suddenly injured. Elbow injuries are common among athletes especially in those sports that utilize much arms and hand movement to play. However, these injuries are not exclusive to athletes only. Some people can get it too even if they don’t play sports. They could get it while at work, at home, or while doing the things that they love.
Know more about the different elbow injuries and how orthopaedic doctors usually treat them.
Lateral epicondylitis is also known as Tennis elbow refers to the injury that involves the tendon attached to the bone on the outside of the elbow. This tendon becomes deteriorated when it is overused. The act of hitting a ball with a tennis racket is the main cause of this injury. When this action is done repetitively for some time, it caused the tendon to become overused and deteriorate. This elbow injury can be treated by pain medications, physical therapy and plenty of rest.
Pitcher’s elbow is a common injury for people who play softball or baseball. The excessive throwing motions in these sports strain the elbow, causing much pain to the athlete. Also known as the Little League elbow, this injury not only causes pain but also influences one’s performance by interfering with the natural motion of a good elbow. Although pitcher’s elbow causes much pain, it can be treated by non-surgical means and just plenty of rest for the affected part.
Golfer’s elbow is a common injury among those who play golf. One can get this injury through repetitive motions similar to swinging a golf club. Unlike the first two injuries which are results of overuse, this type is a cumulative injury. The tendons that are attached to the inner elbow degenerate through time, causing pain in the elbow down to the forearm. In many cases, a golfer’s elbow can simply be treated with pain medications, non-surgical treatments, and plenty of rest. However, there are some cases when the degeneration is too severe that it needs surgery to get it fixed back to normal.
A bone can break when too much pressure or force is applied to it. This injury is called a fracture. The elbow is made up of several bones and could get fractured accidentally anytime, causing pain, swelling and immobility. The affected part is placed on a cast or splint to immobilize it and promote healing. For mild cases of fracture, it can be managed by pain medications and rest. However, if the bone is badly broken into pieces, the patient may need to undergo surgery to correct it.
It is important that you seek medical help immediately when you’re experiencing any type of elbow injury for prompt treatment and speedy recovery.